世界上最奇特的大洞排行榜,世界十大奇异洞穴

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原作者:来源top-10-most-amazing-caves-of-our-world译者sisiyunjiao

As We know caves is one of the most beautiful part of the world. Theycan create amazing scenery and amazing experience as well for somepersons that want to feel such a nice and unusual experience. Let takea look at top 10 most amazing caves of our world. 

就像我们知道的那样,洞穴是美丽世界的一部分。它们为那些想要有与众不同经历的人提供了一个观赏奇异风景和体验的机会。让我们来看一下世界上十大奇妙洞穴。

10 - 妅ocjan Caves (Slovenia)

斯洛文尼亚的postojna洞穴(不好意思,原文的某些单词好像输入有问题。)

Due to their exceptional significance, the 妅ocjan Caves were entered onUNESCO抯 list of natural and cultural world heritage sites in 1986.International scientific circles have thus acknowledged the importance of the Caves as one of the natural treasures of planet Earth.Ranking among the most important caves in the world, the 妅ocjan Caves represent the most significant underground phenomena in both the Karst region and Slovenia.因为其独特性,postojan洞穴已经在1986年时被列入为世界自然和文化景观遗产。国际科学组织已经承认洞穴作为世界自然宝藏的重要性。按照世界洞穴的重要性区分, postojan洞穴代表了柯斯达黎加和斯洛文尼亚的重要地底景观。

 

9 - Cave of the Ghost (Venezuela)

幽灵之洞(委内瑞拉)

Cave of the Ghost, "La Cueva del Fantasma" on Spanish, is a giant cave in southern Venezuela, located in one of the most biologically rich,geologically ancient parts of the world, along the slopes of Apradatepui. Large enough for two helicopters to land in the cave, the report from Zootaxa is said to be the first photographic evidence of such an immense cave. However, experts note, it is not technically a cave, butrather a collapsed, steep gorge.西班牙语“La Cueva del Fantasma”即幽灵之洞,是一个在委内瑞拉的巨大山洞,沿着特普伊山的斜坡,其地理位置可以算是世界上最古老的地带以及生物种类最丰富的之一。山洞大道能容量两架直升飞机。Zootaxa的报道被认为是第一份这个巨大山洞的照片证据。

8 - Mammoth Cave (USA)

猛犸洞穴(美国)

Mammoth Cave National Park is a U.S. National Park in central Kentucky,encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world. The official name of the system is the Mammoth-Flint Ridge Cave System for the ridge under which the cave has formed. The park was established as a national park on July 1, 1941. It became a World Heritage Site on October 27, 1981, and an international Biosphere Reserve on September 26, 1990.

猛犸洞穴国家公园是位于美国肯塔基州的国家公园。其包括部分作为世界上最长的山洞系统的猛犸洞穴。官方为这个在山脊下形成的山洞命名为猛犸-燧石山脊洞穴系统。这个国家公园建立在1941年7月1日。自1981年10月27日它变成了世界遗产,1990年9月26日被认为是世界生态保护储备。

7 - Carlsbad Caverns (USA)

科尔斯巴德洞穴(美国)

Carlsbad Caverns National Park is a United States National Park in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. The primary attraction of the park for most visitors is the show cave, Carlsbad Caverns.Visitors to the cave can hike in on their own via the natural entrance,or take the elevator (the exit for everyone) directly to the Underground Lunch room some 750 feet (230 m) below. Carlsbad Cavernsincludes a large cave chamber, the Big Room, a natural lime stone chamber which is almost 4,000 feet (about 1,219 m) long, 625 feet(190.5 m) wide, and 350 feet (about 107 m) high at the highest point.It is the third largest chamber in North America and the seventh largest in the world.卡尔斯巴德洞穴是美国的国家公园,其位于美国新墨西哥东南部的瓜达洛普山。这个公园最吸引游客的就是这个可以向游客展示的科尔斯巴德洞穴。游客可以通过天然的入口徒步进入山洞,或者利用电梯直达750尺(230米)深的正厅,这是一个长4000尺(大学1,219米),宽625尺(190.5米),最高处达到350尺(大约107米)的石灰石洞庭。它被认为是北美第三大洞庭和世界第七大洞庭。

6 - Fantastic Cave Pit (USA)

奇异的洞穴深坑(美国)

Fantastic Pit is located in Ellisons Cave, just east of La Fayette, GA.it's 586' deep, which is the deepest known cave pit in the continental United States. This pit is big enough to hold the Washington Monument(555'). It is a truly fantastic rappel, it takes almost 8 seconds for arock to hit the bottom. 奇异的深坑位于埃里森洞穴,在拉斐特的东方。其有586尺深,是美国大陆所知的最深洞穴。其大到能容纳华盛顿纪念碑(555英尺)。 利用绳索,需要将近8秒时间到达底部,是一个非常奇妙的旅程。

5 - The Reed Flute Cave (China)

芦笛岩洞穴(中国)

With its location five kilometers northwest of the downtown of Guilin,the Reed Flute Cave is a brilliant cave marked on almost all travel itineraries. The cave got its name from the verdant reeds growing outside it, with which people make flutes. Inside this water-eroded cave is a spectacular world of various stalactites, stone pillars and rock formations created by carbonate deposition. Illuminated by colored lighting, the fantastic spectacle is found in many variations alongthis 240-meter-long cave. Walking through the serried stone pillars,tourists feast their eyes on changing spots, feeling they are in aparadise where the Gods live.

距桂林西南五千米,芦笛岩洞穴是所有旅游行程必经之地。其名字源于向外生长的芦笛岩,人们用其做成长笛。在被水侵蚀的洞穴里,到处可见由碳酸盐沉积物所形成的钟乳石,石柱和岩层。 利用彩色的灯光,240米的洞穴变成了非常奇异的景观。在不同的石柱间走动,游客享受着不停改变的景观,会觉得自己好像生在上帝住的天堂一样。

4 - Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves (Austria)

森威尔特冰洞(澳地利)

The Eisriesenwelt is a natural limestone ice cave located in Austria,about 40 km south of Salzburg. It is the largest ice cave in the world,extending more than 42 km of tunnels and chambers. Only the first kilometer, the area that tourists are allowed to visit, is covered in ice. The rest of the cave is made of limestone. Entry to the caves is regulated and a 75-minute tour takes in several immense caverns containing elaborate ice formations and frozen waterfalls. 

距离奥地利萨尔斯堡南部40公里的森威尔特洞穴,是一个自然的石灰岩冰洞。这是世界上最大的冰洞,其有42公里长的隧道和洞庭。游客能进入起初的1公里,完全被冰覆盖。其余的都是由石灰岩组成。75分钟的进洞形成是被管制的,其间你能欣赏到复杂的结冰和冰洞的瀑布。

3 - Waitomo Glowworm Cave (New Zealand)

魔萤火虫洞(新西兰)

The Waitomo Glowworm Cave is located in the Waikato region of NewZealand's North Island. It is part of the Waitomo Caves system, which includes Ruakuri Cave and Aranui Cave. As the name suggests, the caveserves as the home to glowworms, specifically Arachnocampa luminosa,which are a type of fungus gnat species that glow in their larval stage. Because it was underwater 30 million years ago, the cave is made from limestone composed of fossilized shells, skeletons and coral.魔萤火虫洞位于新西兰北岛的怀卡特地区。是作为魔萤火虫洞系统的一部分,其还包括Ruakuri洞穴和Aranui洞穴(很难找到中文翻译)。就像洞穴的名字一样,萤火虫把它当做自己的家,特别是一种名为Arachnocampa luminosa的萤火虫,一种真菌昆虫的幼虫形态。因为3亿年前山洞是在水底的,山洞总的石灰石里有许多的贝壳,骨骼和珊瑚化石。

2 - Majlis al Jinn Cave (Oman)

Majlis al Jinn 洞穴 (阿曼)

Majlis al Jinn Cave is the second major cave on earth. In the Sultanate of Oman in a secluded area of the Selma Plateau you抣l discover this spectacular cave. This is an amazing cave that can be accessed througha fissure in the ground with a rope. The height in the interior of this cave runs from 120 to 150 meters. The cave floor is 300 by 200 metersand to provide you a better perceptive of how huge this cave is, it is gigantic enough that, the largest Egyptian pyramid, the great Pyramidof Giza in Egypt would just about fit inside. The foundation of the pyramid is approximately the same dimension of the chamber floor andthe height is very comparable.

Majlis al Jinn洞穴是世界第二大洞穴。在阿曼苏丹国的萨尔玛平原你能找到这个奇特的山洞。这是一个非常奇妙的山洞,可以利用绳索从一个地上的裂缝进入其中。洞的最高处可以达到120-150米。 山洞的基地有300乘200,可以给你提供一个很好的视角来观察其山洞之大,这个山洞大到能容纳世界上最大的金字塔,埃及最伟大的金字塔吉赛。其基地非常接近洞庭的基地,高度也可以互相媲美。

1 - Cave of Crystals (Mexico)

墨西哥水晶山洞

The Cave of Crystals, located in the working Naica Mine of Chihuahua,Mexico, has captivated the world since it was first discovered in 2000by two brothers drilling in the Naica lead and silver mine. Until you notice the orange-suited men clambering around, it's hard to grasp the extraordinary scale of this underground crystal forest which are some of the largest natural selenite crystals in the world, with stunning crystal formations measuring more than 30ft (9.2m) in length and over4ft (1.2m) in diameter. They are formed from groundwater saturated in calcium sulphate which, warmed by an intrusion of magma about a mile below, began filtering through the cave system millions of years ago.位于墨西哥吉娃娃奈卡矿地的水晶山洞自2000年被在矿地钻井的兄弟两发现以后一直受到世界的关注。人类所能企及之地,再也没有办法找到这样规模的水晶地底森林了,其中包括了世界上最大的亚硒酸钡水晶,其 30英尺(9.2米)长超过4英尺(1.2米)的直径。其因为地下水渗透到硫酸钙中,又被几百万年前渗透到洞穴系统的将近一米深的岩浆温暖所形成的。

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原作者:来源top-10-most-amazing-caves-of-our-world译者sisiyunjiao

As We know caves is one of the most beautiful part of the world. Theycan create amazing scenery and amazing experience as well for somepersons that want to feel such a nice and unusual experience. Let takea look at top 10 most amazing caves of our world. 

就像我们知道的那样,洞穴是美丽世界的一部分。它们为那些想要有与众不同经历的人提供了一个观赏奇异风景和体验的机会。让我们来看一下世界上十大奇妙洞穴。

10 - 妅ocjan Caves (Slovenia)

斯洛文尼亚的postojna洞穴(不好意思,原文的某些单词好像输入有问题。)

Due to their exceptional significance, the 妅ocjan Caves were entered onUNESCO抯 list of natural and cultural world heritage sites in 1986.International scientific circles have thus acknowledged the importance of the Caves as one of the natural treasures of planet Earth.Ranking among the most important caves in the world, the 妅ocjan Caves represent the most significant underground phenomena in both the Karst region and Slovenia.因为其独特性,postojan洞穴已经在1986年时被列入为世界自然和文化景观遗产。国际科学组织已经承认洞穴作为世界自然宝藏的重要性。按照世界洞穴的重要性区分, postojan洞穴代表了柯斯达黎加和斯洛文尼亚的重要地底景观。

 

9 - Cave of the Ghost (Venezuela)

幽灵之洞(委内瑞拉)

Cave of the Ghost, "La Cueva del Fantasma" on Spanish, is a giant cave in southern Venezuela, located in one of the most biologically rich,geologically ancient parts of the world, along the slopes of Apradatepui. Large enough for two helicopters to land in the cave, the report from Zootaxa is said to be the first photographic evidence of such an immense cave. However, experts note, it is not technically a cave, butrather a collapsed, steep gorge.西班牙语“La Cueva del Fantasma”即幽灵之洞,是一个在委内瑞拉的巨大山洞,沿着特普伊山的斜坡,其地理位置可以算是世界上最古老的地带以及生物种类最丰富的之一。山洞大道能容量两架直升飞机。Zootaxa的报道被认为是第一份这个巨大山洞的照片证据。

8 - Mammoth Cave (USA)

猛犸洞穴(美国)

Mammoth Cave National Park is a U.S. National Park in central Kentucky,encompassing portions of Mammoth Cave, the longest cave system known in the world. The official name of the system is the Mammoth-Flint Ridge Cave System for the ridge under which the cave has formed. The park was established as a national park on July 1, 1941. It became a World Heritage Site on October 27, 1981, and an international Biosphere Reserve on September 26, 1990.

猛犸洞穴国家公园是位于美国肯塔基州的国家公园。其包括部分作为世界上最长的山洞系统的猛犸洞穴。官方为这个在山脊下形成的山洞命名为猛犸-燧石山脊洞穴系统。这个国家公园建立在1941年7月1日。自1981年10月27日它变成了世界遗产,1990年9月26日被认为是世界生态保护储备。

7 - Carlsbad Caverns (USA)

科尔斯巴德洞穴(美国)

Carlsbad Caverns National Park is a United States National Park in the Guadalupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico. The primary attraction of the park for most visitors is the show cave, Carlsbad Caverns.Visitors to the cave can hike in on their own via the natural entrance,or take the elevator (the exit for everyone) directly to the Underground Lunch room some 750 feet (230 m) below. Carlsbad Cavernsincludes a large cave chamber, the Big Room, a natural lime stone chamber which is almost 4,000 feet (about 1,219 m) long, 625 feet(190.5 m) wide, and 350 feet (about 107 m) high at the highest point.It is the third largest chamber in North America and the seventh largest in the world.卡尔斯巴德洞穴是美国的国家公园,其位于美国新墨西哥东南部的瓜达洛普山。这个公园最吸引游客的就是这个可以向游客展示的科尔斯巴德洞穴。游客可以通过天然的入口徒步进入山洞,或者利用电梯直达750尺(230米)深的正厅,这是一个长4000尺(大学1,219米),宽625尺(190.5米),最高处达到350尺(大约107米)的石灰石洞庭。它被认为是北美第三大洞庭和世界第七大洞庭。

6 - Fantastic Cave Pit (USA)

奇异的洞穴深坑(美国)

Fantastic Pit is located in Ellisons Cave, just east of La Fayette, GA.it's 586' deep, which is the deepest known cave pit in the continental United States. This pit is big enough to hold the Washington Monument(555'). It is a truly fantastic rappel, it takes almost 8 seconds for arock to hit the bottom. 奇异的深坑位于埃里森洞穴,在拉斐特的东方。其有586尺深,是美国大陆所知的最深洞穴。其大到能容纳华盛顿纪念碑(555英尺)。 利用绳索,需要将近8秒时间到达底部,是一个非常奇妙的旅程。

5 - The Reed Flute Cave (China)

芦笛岩洞穴(中国)

With its location five kilometers northwest of the downtown of Guilin,the Reed Flute Cave is a brilliant cave marked on almost all travel itineraries. The cave got its name from the verdant reeds growing outside it, with which people make flutes. Inside this water-eroded cave is a spectacular world of various stalactites, stone pillars and rock formations created by carbonate deposition. Illuminated by colored lighting, the fantastic spectacle is found in many variations alongthis 240-meter-long cave. Walking through the serried stone pillars,tourists feast their eyes on changing spots, feeling they are in aparadise where the Gods live.

距桂林西南五千米,芦笛岩洞穴是所有旅游行程必经之地。其名字源于向外生长的芦笛岩,人们用其做成长笛。在被水侵蚀的洞穴里,到处可见由碳酸盐沉积物所形成的钟乳石,石柱和岩层。 利用彩色的灯光,240米的洞穴变成了非常奇异的景观。在不同的石柱间走动,游客享受着不停改变的景观,会觉得自己好像生在上帝住的天堂一样。

4 - Eisriesenwelt Ice Caves (Austria)

森威尔特冰洞(澳地利)

The Eisriesenwelt is a natural limestone ice cave located in Austria,about 40 km south of Salzburg. It is the largest ice cave in the world,extending more than 42 km of tunnels and chambers. Only the first kilometer, the area that tourists are allowed to visit, is covered in ice. The rest of the cave is made of limestone. Entry to the caves is regulated and a 75-minute tour takes in several immense caverns containing elaborate ice formations and frozen waterfalls. 

距离奥地利萨尔斯堡南部40公里的森威尔特洞穴,是一个自然的石灰岩冰洞。这是世界上最大的冰洞,其有42公里长的隧道和洞庭。游客能进入起初的1公里,完全被冰覆盖。其余的都是由石灰岩组成。75分钟的进洞形成是被管制的,其间你能欣赏到复杂的结冰和冰洞的瀑布。

3 - Waitomo Glowworm Cave (New Zealand)

魔萤火虫洞(新西兰)

The Waitomo Glowworm Cave is located in the Waikato region of NewZealand's North Island. It is part of the Waitomo Caves system, which includes Ruakuri Cave and Aranui Cave. As the name suggests, the caveserves as the home to glowworms, specifically Arachnocampa luminosa,which are a type of fungus gnat species that glow in their larval stage. Because it was underwater 30 million years ago, the cave is made from limestone composed of fossilized shells, skeletons and coral.魔萤火虫洞位于新西兰北岛的怀卡特地区。是作为魔萤火虫洞系统的一部分,其还包括Ruakuri洞穴和Aranui洞穴(很难找到中文翻译)。就像洞穴的名字一样,萤火虫把它当做自己的家,特别是一种名为Arachnocampa luminosa的萤火虫,一种真菌昆虫的幼虫形态。因为3亿年前山洞是在水底的,山洞总的石灰石里有许多的贝壳,骨骼和珊瑚化石。

2 - Majlis al Jinn Cave (Oman)

Majlis al Jinn 洞穴 (阿曼)

Majlis al Jinn Cave is the second major cave on earth. In the Sultanate of Oman in a secluded area of the Selma Plateau you抣l discover this spectacular cave. This is an amazing cave that can be accessed througha fissure in the ground with a rope. The height in the interior of this cave runs from 120 to 150 meters. The cave floor is 300 by 200 metersand to provide you a better perceptive of how huge this cave is, it is gigantic enough that, the largest Egyptian pyramid, the great Pyramidof Giza in Egypt would just about fit inside. The foundation of the pyramid is approximately the same dimension of the chamber floor andthe height is very comparable.

Majlis al Jinn洞穴是世界第二大洞穴。在阿曼苏丹国的萨尔玛平原你能找到这个奇特的山洞。这是一个非常奇妙的山洞,可以利用绳索从一个地上的裂缝进入其中。洞的最高处可以达到120-150米。 山洞的基地有300乘200,可以给你提供一个很好的视角来观察其山洞之大,这个山洞大到能容纳世界上最大的金字塔,埃及最伟大的金字塔吉赛。其基地非常接近洞庭的基地,高度也可以互相媲美。

1 - Cave of Crystals (Mexico)

墨西哥水晶山洞

The Cave of Crystals, located in the working Naica Mine of Chihuahua,Mexico, has captivated the world since it was first discovered in 2000by two brothers drilling in the Naica lead and silver mine. Until you notice the orange-suited men clambering around, it's hard to grasp the extraordinary scale of this underground crystal forest which are some of the largest natural selenite crystals in the world, with stunning crystal formations measuring more than 30ft (9.2m) in length and over4ft (1.2m) in diameter. They are formed from groundwater saturated in calcium sulphate which, warmed by an intrusion of magma about a mile below, began filtering through the cave system millions of years ago.位于墨西哥吉娃娃奈卡矿地的水晶山洞自2000年被在矿地钻井的兄弟两发现以后一直受到世界的关注。人类所能企及之地,再也没有办法找到这样规模的水晶地底森林了,其中包括了世界上最大的亚硒酸钡水晶,其 30英尺(9.2米)长超过4英尺(1.2米)的直径。其因为地下水渗透到硫酸钙中,又被几百万年前渗透到洞穴系统的将近一米深的岩浆温暖所形成的。